"Purinergic P2X7 Receptor: A Therapeutic Target in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis" André D. J. Mckenzie, Taylor R. Garrett, Eryn L. Werry, and Michael Kassiou ACS Chem. Neurosci. 2022, 13, 10, 1479–1490 https://doi.org/10.1021/acschemneuro.2c00133

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease characterized by upper and lower motor neuron loss. The pathomechanisms of ALS are still poorly understood with current hypotheses involving genetic mutations, excitotoxicity, and reactive oxygen species formation. In the absence of a disease-altering clinically approved therapeutic, there is an ever-increasing need to identify new targets to develop drugs that delay disease onset and/or progression. The purinergic P2X7 receptor (P2X7R) has been implicated widely across the ALS realm, providing a potential therapeutic strategy. This review summarizes the current understanding of ALS, the P2X7R and its role in ALS, the current landscape of P2X7R antagonists, and the in vivo potential of these antagonists in preclinical ALS models.